February 3, 2021
14 kinds of commonly used vitamins and their effects
The commonly used vitamins are fat - soluble vitamins and water - soluble vitamins. Fat-soluble vitamins include vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin E and vitamin K, while water-soluble vitamins include B vitamins, vitamin C and so on. Each vitamin plays a special nutritional physiological role that no other substance can replace.
Vitamin A also known as retinol, is A kind of micro yellow oil shape or crystal shape of high unsaturated fatty alcohol, have the effect of protecting the skin and mucous membrane, lack of growth and development can lead to blocked, reproductive function recession and night blindness, the unit of measurement for IU.
One unit of vitamin A is equal to about 0.3 micrograms.
Vitamin A commonly used for chemical synthesis of products, vitamin A acetate, vitamin A acetate and vitamin A palmitate and so on.
More used for nutrition reinforcement, in foreign countries, often vitamin A and D in accordance with the 10:1 international unit ratio compound fortifier
Vitamin D, also known as calcinol or anti-rickets vitamin, is an active substance related to calcium and phosphorus metabolism in animals, and can promote the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the digestive tract of animals.
Vitamin D comes in many forms, of which vitamin D2 and vitamin D3 are the most important and commonly used.
Vitamin D supplements can be obtained from low exposure to sunlight, growth, or osteoporosis.
Vitamin E, also known as tocopherol, is a kind of bioactive phenolic compounds, among which α-tocopherol has the highest potence and is the most commonly used.
Vitamin E can regulate the metabolic function of the nucleus, promote gonad development and improve reproductive ability.
Vitamin E has the ability to absorb oxygen and its stability is not high, but it can be improved by esterification.
Vitamin K, also known as anti-bleeding vitamins, is a class of naphthoquinone derivatives.
Vitamin K can promote the synthesis of prothrombin, to achieve normal clotting.
Vitamin K has vitamin K1, vitamin K2, vitamin K3 and vitamin K4, feed additives use vitamin K3, general vitamin goods use vitamin K3 and sodium bisulfite in combination, namely sodium bisulfite methyl naphthoquinone.
Vitamin B1, also known as thiamine, can cause beriberi if the human body lacks it.
Vitamin B1 can promote carbohydrate and adipose metabolism inside the body, mainly exist in the form of salt, commonly used with thiamine hydrochloride.
It is mainly used for the fortification of all kinds of nutritive food.
Vitamin B2 also called riboflavin or vitelloflavin, lack of human body can lead to keratitis and glossitis.
Vitamin B2 is involved in the metabolism of protein, carbohydrate and nucleic acid in the body, and is the component of a variety of enzymes in the body biochemical reaction.
Vitamin B3, commonly known as niacin or niacin, also known as nicotinamide or niacamide, is A component of coenzyme A, plays an important role in the metabolism of substances.
Vitamin B4 also calls choline, it is the constituent component of phospholipid, acetyl choline, also be the donor of methyl, participate in the metabolism of amino acid and adipose, can prevent the generation of fatty liver.
Vitamin B5, commonly known as pantothenic acid, is A component of coenzyme A and is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and amino acids.
The commonly commercially available forms are calcium pantothenate and sodium pantothenate.
Vitamin B6 is the general name of pyridine derivatives of pyridoxine, pyridoxal and pyridoxine.
Vitamin B6 is a coenzyme in the metabolism of amino acids and is involved in the metabolism of protein, sugar and fat.
Vitamin B11, also known as folic acid and vitamin M, is a combination of sphenoic acid and glutamate.
In the metabolism of amino acids can play a role of coenzyme.
It works with vitamin B12 and vitamin C to promote the formation of red blood cells, hemoglobin and antibodies.
Good stability, mainly used for baby food and health food.
Vitamin B12 abridances cobaltamine element, concern with the metabolism of amino acid, its main physiological function is to raise the utilization rate of folic acid, promote the development of erythrocyte and mature thereby.
Mainly used for health food, cereals, confectionery, dairy and baby food fortification.
Biotin is also called vitamin H.
Biotin is a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of protein, fat, etc.
The commercialized biotin is D - 1 biotin, which is mainly used for nutrition enhancement of baby food and health food, and used in fermentation industry.
Vitamin C is also called ascorbic acid.
Vitamin C participates in the metabolic process of sugar, protein and mineral elements, enhances the body immunity and enhances the activity of digestive enzymes.
Mainly used for ready-to-eat powder food, solid drinks and health food, or liquid food nutrition enhancement, etc.